FrameΒΆ

Methods:

class Leap::Frame

The Frame class represents a set of hand and finger tracking data detected in a single frame.

The Leap Motion software detects hands, fingers and tools within the tracking area, reporting their positions, orientations, gestures, and motions in frames at the Leap Motion frame rate.

Access Frame objects through an instance of the Controller class:

if( controller.isConnected()) //controller is a Controller object
{
    Leap::Frame frame = controller.frame(); //The latest frame
    Leap::Frame previous = controller.frame(1); //The previous frame
}

Implement a Listener subclass to receive a callback event when a new Frame is available.

Since
1.0

Public Functions

float currentFramesPerSecond()

The instantaneous frame rate.

The rate at which the Leap Motion software is providing frames of data (in frames per second). The frame rate can fluctuate depending on available computing resources, activity within the device field of view, software tracking settings, and other factors.

float instantaneousFrameRate = frame.currentFramesPerSecond();

Return
An estimate of frames per second of the Leap Motion Controller.
Since
1.0

void deserialize(const std::string & str)

Decodes a byte string to replace the properties of this Frame.

A Controller object must be instantiated for this function to succeed, but it does not need to be connected. To extract gestures from the deserialized frame, you must enable the appropriate gestures first.

Any existing data in the frame is destroyed. If you have references to child objects (hands, fingers, etc.), these are preserved as long as the references remain in scope.

Leap::Controller controller; //An instance must exist
std::ifstream inputFile("frame.data");
std::string frameData((std::istreambuf_iterator<char>(inputFile)), std::istreambuf_iterator<char>());
Leap::Frame reconstructedFrame;
reconstructedFrame.deserialize(frameData);

Note: The behavior when calling functions which take another Frame object as a parameter is undefined when either frame has been deserialized.

Since
2.1.0
Parameters
  • str -

    A std:string object containing the serialized bytes of a frame.

Finger finger(int32_t id)

The Finger object with the specified ID in this frame.

Use the Frame::finger() function to retrieve the Finger object from this frame using an ID value obtained from a previous frame. This function always returns a Finger object, but if no finger with the specified ID is present, an invalid Finger object is returned.

Leap::Finger fingerOfinterest = frame.finger(fingerID);

Note that ID values persist across frames, but only until tracking of a particular object is lost. If tracking of a finger is lost and subsequently regained, the new Finger object representing that physical finger may have a different ID than that representing the finger in an earlier frame.

Return
The Finger object with the matching ID if one exists in this frame; otherwise, an invalid Finger object is returned.
Since
1.0
Parameters
  • id -

    The ID value of a Finger object from a previous frame.

FingerList fingers()

The list of Finger objects detected in this frame, given in arbitrary order.

The list can be empty if no fingers are detected.

Use PointableList::extended() to remove non-extended fingers from the list.

Leap::FingerList fingersInFrame = frame.fingers();

Return
The FingerList containing all Finger objects detected in this frame.
Since
1.0

Frame()

Constructs a Frame object.

Frame instances created with this constructor are invalid. Get valid Frame objects by calling the Controller::frame() function.

Leap::Frame current = controller.frame();
Leap::Frame previous = controller.frame(1);

The only time you should use this constructor is before deserializing serialized frame data. Call Frame::deserialize(string) to recreate a saved Frame.

Since
1.0

Gesture gesture(int32_t id)

The Gesture object with the specified ID in this frame.

Leap::Gesture gestureOfInterest = frame.gesture(gestureID);

Return
The Gesture object in the frame with the specified ID if one exists; Otherwise, an Invalid Gesture object.
Parameters
  • id -

    The ID of an Gesture object from a previous frame.

GestureList gestures()

The gestures recognized or continuing in this frame.

Leap::GestureList gesturesInFrame = frame.gestures();

Return
GestureList the list of gestures.

GestureList gestures(const Frame & sinceFrame)

Returns a GestureList containing all gestures that have occurred since the specified frame.

Leap::GestureList gesturesSinceFrame = frame.gestures(lastProcessedFrame);

Return
GestureList The list of the Gesture objects that have occurred since the specified frame.
Parameters
  • sinceFrame -

    An earlier Frame object. The starting frame must still be in the frame history cache, which has a default length of 60 frames.

Hand hand(int32_t id)

The Hand object with the specified ID in this frame.

Use the Frame::hand() function to retrieve the Hand object from this frame using an ID value obtained from a previous frame. This function always returns a Hand object, but if no hand with the specified ID is present, an invalid Hand object is returned.

Leap::Hand handOfInterest = frame.hand(handID);

Note that ID values persist across frames, but only until tracking of a particular object is lost. If tracking of a hand is lost and subsequently regained, the new Hand object representing that physical hand may have a different ID than that representing the physical hand in an earlier frame.

Return
The Hand object with the matching ID if one exists in this frame; otherwise, an invalid Hand object is returned.
Since
1.0
Parameters
  • id -

    The ID value of a Hand object from a previous frame.

HandList hands()

The list of Hand objects detected in this frame, given in arbitrary order.

The list can be empty if no hands are detected.

Leap::HandList handsInFrame = frame.hands();

Return
The HandList containing all Hand objects detected in this frame.
Since
1.0

int64_t id()

A unique ID for this Frame.

Consecutive frames processed by the Leap Motion software have consecutive increasing values. You can use the frame ID to avoid processing the same Frame object twice:

int64_t lastFrameID = 0;

void processFrame( Leap::Frame frame )
{
    if( frame.id() == lastFrameID ) return;
    //...
    lastFrameID = frame.id();
}

As well as to make sure that your application processes every frame:

int64_t lastProcessedFrameID = 0;

void nextFrame( Leap::Controller controller )
{
    int64_t currentID = controller.frame().id();
    for( int history = 0; history < currentID - lastProcessedFrameID; history++)
    {
        processNextFrame( controller.frame(history) );
    }
    lastProcessedFrameID = currentID;
}

void processNextFrame( Leap::Frame frame )
{
    if( frame.isValid() )
    {
        //...
    }
}

Return
The frame ID.
Since
1.0

ImageList images()

The list of IR images from the Leap Motion cameras.

If the system is in Robust mode, these will be slightly post processed

Return
An ImageList object containing the camera images analyzed to create this Frame.

InteractionBox interactionBox()

The current InteractionBox for the frame.

See the InteractionBox class documentation for more details on how this class should be used.

Leap::InteractionBox box = frame.interactionBox();

Return
The current InteractionBox object.
Since
1.0

bool isValid()

Reports whether this Frame instance is valid.

A valid Frame is one generated by the Leap::Controller object that contains tracking data for all detected entities. An invalid Frame contains no actual tracking data, but you can call its functions without risk of a null pointer exception. The invalid Frame mechanism makes it more convenient to track individual data across the frame history. For example, you can invoke:

Leap::Finger finger = controller.frame(n).finger(fingerID);

for an arbitrary Frame history value, “n”, without first checking whether frame(n) returned a null object. (You should still check that the returned Finger instance is valid.)

Return
True, if this is a valid Frame object; false otherwise.
Since
1.0

bool operator!=(const Frame &)

Compare Frame object inequality.

thisFrame != thatFrame;

Two Frame objects are equal if and only if both Frame objects represent the exact same frame of tracking data and both Frame objects are valid.

Since
1.0

bool operator==(const Frame &)

Compare Frame object equality.

thisFrame == thatFrame;

Two Frame objects are equal if and only if both Frame objects represent the exact same frame of tracking data and both Frame objects are valid.

Since
1.0

Pointable pointable(int32_t id)

The Pointable object with the specified ID in this frame.

Use the Frame::pointable() function to retrieve the Pointable object from this frame using an ID value obtained from a previous frame. This function always returns a Pointable object, but if no finger or tool with the specified ID is present, an invalid Pointable object is returned.

Leap::Pointable pointableOfInterest = frame.pointable(pointableID);

Note that ID values persist across frames, but only until tracking of a particular object is lost. If tracking of a finger or tool is lost and subsequently regained, the new Pointable object representing that finger or tool may have a different ID than that representing the finger or tool in an earlier frame.

Return
The Pointable object with the matching ID if one exists in this frame; otherwise, an invalid Pointable object is returned.
Since
1.0
Parameters
  • id -

    The ID value of a Pointable object from a previous frame.

PointableList pointables()

The list of Pointable objects (fingers and tools) detected in this frame, given in arbitrary order.

The list can be empty if no fingers or tools are detected.

Use PointableList::extended() to remove non-extended fingers from the list.

Leap::PointableList pointablesInFrame = frame.pointables();

Return
The PointableList containing all Pointable objects detected in this frame.
Since
1.0

ImageList rawImages()

The list of Raw images from the Leap Motion cameras.

These will never be postprocessed and closely match the raw sensor output.

Return
An ImageList object containing the camera images analyzed to create this Frame.
Since
2.3

float rotationAngle(const Frame & sinceFrame)

The angle of rotation around the rotation axis derived from the overall rotational motion between the current frame and the specified frame.

float rotationInFrame = frame.rotationAngle(startFrame);

Return
A positive value containing the heuristically determined rotational change between the current frame and that specified in the sinceFrame parameter.
Parameters
  • sinceFrame -

    The starting frame for computing the relative rotation.

float rotationAngle(const Frame & sinceFrame, const Vector & axis)

The angle of rotation around the specified axis derived from the overall rotational motion between the current frame and the specified frame.

float rotationAroundXAxis = frame.rotationAngle(startFrame, Leap::Vector::xAxis());

Return
A value containing the heuristically determined rotational change between the current frame and that specified in the sinceFrame parameter around the given axis.
Parameters
  • sinceFrame -

    The starting frame for computing the relative rotation.

  • axis -

    The axis to measure rotation around.

Vector rotationAxis(const Frame & sinceFrame)

The axis of rotation derived from the overall rotational motion between the current frame and the specified frame.

Leap::Vector axisOfRotation = frame.rotationAxis(startFrame);

Return
A normalized direction Vector representing the axis of the heuristically determined rotational change between the current frame and that specified in the sinceFrame parameter.
Parameters
  • sinceFrame -

    The starting frame for computing the relative rotation.

Matrix rotationMatrix(const Frame & sinceFrame)

The transform matrix expressing the rotation derived from the overall rotational motion between the current frame and the specified frame.

Leap::Matrix rotationTransform = frame.rotationMatrix(startFrame);

Return
A transformation Matrix containing the heuristically determined rotational change between the current frame and that specified in the sinceFrame parameter.
Parameters
  • sinceFrame -

    The starting frame for computing the relative rotation.

float rotationProbability(const Frame & sinceFrame)

The estimated probability that the overall motion between the current frame and the specified frame is intended to be a rotating motion.

float rotationDominance = frame.rotationProbability(startFrame);

Return
A value between 0 and 1 representing the estimated probability that the overall motion between the current frame and the specified frame is intended to be a rotating motion.
Parameters
  • sinceFrame -

    The starting frame for computing the relative rotation.

float scaleFactor(const Frame & sinceFrame)

The scale factor derived from the overall motion between the current frame and the specified frame.

float zoomFactor = frame.scaleFactor(startFrame);

Return
A positive value representing the heuristically determined scaling change ratio between the current frame and that specified in the sinceFrame parameter.
Parameters
  • sinceFrame -

    The starting frame for computing the relative scaling.

float scaleProbability(const Frame & sinceFrame)

The estimated probability that the overall motion between the current frame and the specified frame is intended to be a scaling motion.

float scaleDominance = frame.scaleProbability(startFrame);

Return
A value between 0 and 1 representing the estimated probability that the overall motion between the current frame and the specified frame is intended to be a scaling motion.
Parameters
  • sinceFrame -

    The starting frame for computing the relative scaling.

std::string serialize()

Encodes this Frame object as a byte string.

std::ofstream outputFile("frame.data");
const std::string serializedFrame = frame.serialize();
outputFile << serializedFrame;
outputFile.close();

Return
The serialized string encoding the data for this frame.
Since
2.1.0

int64_t timestamp()

The frame capture time in microseconds elapsed since an arbitrary point in time in the past.

Use Controller::now() to calculate the age of the frame.

float framePeriod = frame.timestamp() - controller.frame(1).timestamp();

Return
The timestamp in microseconds.
Since
1.0

Tool tool(int32_t id)

The Tool object with the specified ID in this frame.

Return
The Tool object with the matching ID if one exists in this frame; otherwise, an invalid Tool object is returned.
Parameters
  • id -

    The ID value of a Tool object from a previous frame.

ToolList tools()

The list of Tool objects detected in this frame, given in arbitrary order.

The list can be empty if no tools are detected.

Leap::ToolList toolsInFrame = frame.tools();

Return
The ToolList containing all Tool objects detected in this frame.

std::string toString()

A string containing a brief, human readable description of the Frame object.

Return
A description of the Frame as a string.
Since
1.0

Vector translation(const Frame & sinceFrame)

The change of position derived from the overall linear motion between the current frame and the specified frame.

Leap::Vector linearMovement = frame.translation(startFrame);

Return
A Vector representing the heuristically determined change in position of all objects between the current frame and that specified in the sinceFrame parameter.
Parameters
  • sinceFrame -

    The starting frame for computing the relative translation.

float translationProbability(const Frame & sinceFrame)

The estimated probability that the overall motion between the current frame and the specified frame is intended to be a translating motion.

float translationDominance = frame.translationProbability(startFrame);

Return
A value between 0 and 1 representing the estimated probability that the overall motion between the current frame and the specified frame is intended to be a translating motion.
Parameters
  • sinceFrame -

    The starting frame for computing the translation.

Public Static Functions

const Frame & invalid()

Returns an invalid Frame object.

You can use the instance returned by this function in comparisons testing whether a given Frame instance is valid or invalid. (You can also use the Frame::isValid() function.)

//Average a finger position for the last 10 frames
int count = 0;
Leap::Vector average = Leap::Vector();
Leap::Finger fingerToAverage = frame.fingers()[0];
for( int i = 0; i < 10; i++ )
{
    Leap::Finger fingerFromFrame = controller.frame(i).finger(fingerToAverage.id());
    if( fingerFromFrame.isValid() )
    {
        average += fingerFromFrame.tipPosition();
        count++;
    }
}
average /= count;

Return
The invalid Frame instance.
Since
1.0